EU-JordanNet II Projects with Jordanian partners that finished between 31/12/2011 and 31/05/2015
JEWEL - Jordan Europe Wide Enhanced research Links in ICT

JoRiew - Improving Capacity of Jordanian Research in Integrated Renewable Energy and Water Supply

WASSERMed - Water Availability and Security in Southern Europe and the Mediterranean

KHCBIO - Supporting the Establishment of a Cancer Biobank for Jordan and its Neighbouring Countries Through Knowledge Transfer & Training

RESSOL-MEDBUILD - RESearch Elevation on Integration of SOLar Technologies into MEDiterranean BUILDings

MIRA - Mediterranean Innovation and Research Cooperation Action

IJERA - Integrating Jordan into the European Research Area

JOCHERA - Jordan Conservation of Cultural Heritage in ERA

EU-JORDANNET

BioWALK 4 Biofuels

BOT-ERA “Reinforcing cooperation between the Royal Botanic Garden of Jordan and ERA (BOT-ERA)”

J-ERA Center

LINKSCEEM-2: Linking Scientific Computing in Europe and the Eastern Mediterranean – Phase 2

"Euro-Mediterranean research cooperation on gender and science: SHE Euro-Mediterranean Research Area” (SHEMERA)

Project name: WASSERMed - Water Availability and Security in Southern Europe and the Mediterranean

Thematic area: Environment: climate induced change in water resources in southern Europe and neighbouring countries.

BRIEF SUMMARY OF OVERALL PROJECT WITH THE MAIN OBJECTIVES

The WASSERMed project analyses, in a multi-disciplinary way, ongoing and future climate induced
changes in hydrological budgets and extremes in southern Europe, North Africa and the Middle East under
the frame of threats to national and human security. This includes the assessment of changes in mean
flows, frequency and magnitude of extreme precipitation (intensity and duration), surface run-off, stream
flows ground water balance, as well as social and economic factors.
The project objectives are:
  • Analyze the existing regional climate scenarios for the Mediterranean, providing climate variables with adequate resolution for other project research themes (WPs), specifically for the case study regions;
  • Analyze ongoing and future climate induced changes in precipitation, including frequency and intensity of extremes, and temperature in southern Europe and neighboring countries as a basis for water supply and water management scenarios;
  • Improve modelling capabilities to better quantify climate induced changes in the water system by coupling a climate model and an eco-hydrological model.

THE PROBLEM AREA ADDRESSED

Five case studies have been considered: (1) Syros Island (Cyclades Complex, Greece), a region which is
characterised by multiple water uses and experiences significant tourism development in recent years, (2)
Sardinia Island (Italy), with huge water demand and conflicting water uses between agricultural and tourism
sectors, (3) Merguellil watershed (Tunisia), a river basin which concentrates multiple and conflicting water
uses, (4) Jordan river basin, where the Case Study will focus mainly on trans-boundary water management
and conflicting water demands, and (5) the Nile River system, focusing mainly on Egypt and issues related to
inter-regional water supply-demand balances and allocation.

DESCRIPTION OF THE ACHIEVEMENTS

  • An increase in maximum temperature of about 1.5§C and a decrease of precipitation of about 10-15% by 2050 are expected.
  • By 2050, climate change can result in an increase of crop water requirements between 6.4% to 10.3%, depending on the type of crop.
  • Earlier sowing dates for winter and spring crops (wheat, potatoes and tomatoes) can be effective in reducing maximum crop evapotranspiration.
  • Earlier planting dates can be similarly effective in reducing seasonal evapotranspiration, due to the reduction of the total crop growing cycles), and the fact that growing cycles can thus coincide with high rainfall seasons, shorter daytimes and lower temperatures.
  • The use of Late Maturing Varieties (LMVs), which allow total or partial recovery of the crop cycle length, can be effective in increasing crop yields to levels similar to those of 2000.
  • Deficit Irrigation (DI) strategies can allow control of the levels of effective evapotranspiration and net irrigation requirements, while achieving satisfactory yields.

PUBLICATIONS AND OTHER AVAILABLE DOCUMENTATION

  • M. Shatanawi, K. Shatanawi S. Naber and M. Saba. (2013). Climate change, impacts and adaptation of the agricultural sector in Jordan River Basin. Proceedings of the Final WASSERMed Conference. 21-22 February 2013, Milan, Italy
  • Pizzigalli, C., P. Lionello, Ahmed Hassan Fahmi, Ghada Al-Naber, Muhammad Shatanawi, Khaldoun Shatanawi, Zohra Lili Chabaane, Mohamed Wael Hamed Al Askhar, Mohamed Magdy Abdel Wahab, and Haifa Goma Ben Mailod. (2012). Precipitation climatology for the North African and Middle East areas of the Mediterranean Region using a collection of in situ observation. Geophysical Research Abstracts, Vol. 14, EGU2012-8804.
  • Fact sheet: Climate change impacts and adaptation in the Jordan River Basin, Jordan in the Jordan River Basin. (http://environ.chemeng.ntua.gr/en/Default.aspx?t=203)
  • http://www.wassermed.eu/